Empirical Article Critique – myassignmentgeek.net

Empirical Article Critique – myassignmentgeek.net

This assignment will be submitted to Turnitin®.

Instructions

Two 3-5 paged article critique is due during the term. The paper must be a critique of a published empirical study. Specific details are included later in the syllabus and are posted on myLeo Online (D2L). Students will be randomly assigned due dates for the critique. All work must be turned in on myLeo Online (D2L) prior to the start of class on the day that it is due. SLO 1, 2, 4

Empirical Article Critique (3-5 pages)

Empirical Article critiques are graded in accordance to the requirements listed below. The critique must include the following things:

1. The content of the critique must contain the following sections:

a. summary of the article – (this is your summary, not the abstract from the article). Summary should discuss purpose of paper, hypothesis, methods (participants, instruments), & results (this is approximately 1 – 2 pages)

b. How is the article related to a topic covered in class? Make explicit links. Describe how the authors advanced our textbook knowledge. (this is approximately ½ – 1 page)

c. Were there limitations to the authors’ findings? What would have to change if the study was replicated on a different ethnic group and/or a different social economic group? (this is approximately ½ – 1 page)

d. State your concluding remarks. What are your personal reactions to the points made? (this is approximately ½ – 1 page)

2. APA formatted reference of the article

3. You must attach the article along with your critique.

The topic of Article “Journal of Adolescent”
Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

Journal of Adolescence

journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/adolescence

Young adolescents’ responsiveness to sexual communication with their mother: Distinguishing diverse intentions Heather A. Sears∗, Brett S. Robinson1, E. Sandra Byers Department of Psychology, University of New Brunswick, P.O. Box 4400, Fredericton, New Brunswick, E3B 5A3, Canada

A R T I C L E I N F O

Keywords: Responsiveness Intentions Sexual communication Young adolescents Mothers

A B S T R A C T

Introduction: It is unlikely that parents can have effective sexuality discussions with their ado- lescent if the adolescent is not responsive to their efforts. We evaluated young adolescents’ in- tentions of being responsive to sexual communication with their mother and whether youths who were likely, ambivalent, or unlikely to be responsive differed on their characteristics, features of previous sexual communication, and features of the mother-adolescent relationship. Methods: Participants were 259 Canadian adolescents (12–14 years; 53% girls) who received and returned a survey by mail. They completed measures of responsiveness intentions, expected outcomes of sexual communication, extent of past sexual communication, the frequency with which mothers encouraged questions and provided information about sexuality topics, open communication, and mothers’ provision of warmth, structure, and autonomy support. Results: We found that 37% of adolescents were likely to be responsive to sexual communication with their mother, 34% were ambivalent, and 29% were unlikely to be responsive. Youths’ re- sponsiveness intentions were general rather than topic-specific. A discriminant analysis showed that only features of previous sexual communication separated all three groups whereas specific mother-adolescent relationship features (open communication and structure) and one adolescent characteristic (expected outcomes) separated the unlikely group from the other groups. Conclusions: Young adolescents’ intentions of being responsive to sexual communication from their mother are diverse yet general in nature. Mothers’ engagement in sexual communication appears essential for youths’ openness to these discussions. Enhancing specific mother-adolescent relationship features and youths’ outcome expectations may shift adolescents who are resistant to sexuality discussions to being more sure.

1. Introduction

Communication between parents and their adolescents about sexual health topics has the potential to be a win-win situation for both parties. For parents, sexual communication is an opportunity to fulfill one of their acknowledged responsibilities by providing information that can prevent negative sexual outcomes and sharing attitudes and values (Flores & Barroso, 2017; Jerman & Constantine, 2010). For adolescents, sexual communication is an opportunity to gain factual information and practical skills from one of their preferred sources of sexuality information (Baheiraei, Khoori, Foroushani, Ahmadi, & Ybarra, 2014; Byers et al., 2003a, 2003b; Pariera & Brody, 2018). However, in many families, sexual communication occurs infrequently or not at all, and when it does

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2020.02.006 Received 28 September 2019; Received in revised form 6 February 2020; Accepted 12 February 2020

∗ Corresponding author. E-mail address: hsears@unb.ca (H.A. Sears).

1 BC Children’s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Journal of Adolescence 80 (2020) 136–144

Available online 20 February 2020 0140-1971/ © 2020 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

T

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01401971
https://www.elsevier.com/locate/adolescence
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2020.02.006
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2020.02.006
mailto:hsears@unb.ca
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2020.02.006
http://crossmark.crossref.org/dialog/?doi=10.1016/j.adolescence.2020.02.006&domain=pdf

occur, it often lacks depth, is narrow in scope, has a negative tone, and takes place too late to maximize its potential benefit (Beckett et al., 2010; Evans, Widman, Kamke, & Stewart, 2019; Holman & Koenig Kellas, 2018; Ritchwood et al., 2018; Widman, Choukas- Bradley, Helms, Golin, & Prinstein, 2014). This reflects, in part, many parents’ and many adolescents’ discomfort during their in- teractions (Elliott, 2010; Grossman, Jenkins, & Richer, 2018; Jerman & Constantine, 2010). Parents’ and adolescents’ discomfort discussing sexuality may also be evident in their responsiveness during these conversations. Responsiveness involves a range of behaviors that signal engagement, such as verbal participation, listening, paying attention to what is being said, and asking and answering questions (Romo, Nadeem, Au, & Sigman, 2004; Whitaker, Miller, May, & Levin, 1999).

Studies of responsiveness in parent-adolescent sexual communication have focused primarily on mothers, with both mothers and adolescents highlighting the importance of mothers’ responsiveness in this context (e.g., Holman & Koenig Kellas, 2018; Pluhar & Kuriloff, 2004). Mothers’ responsiveness during sexuality discussions is related to more frequent sexual communication, discussion of more topics, less dominance by mothers during discussions, and more engagement and less avoidance by the adolescent (Afifi, Joseph, & Aldeis, 2008; Lefkowitz, Romo, Corona, Au, & Sigman, 2000; Miller et al., 2009; Miller, Kotchick, Dorsey, Forehand, & Ham, 1998; Pluhar & Kuriloff, 2004). Interestingly, even though adolescents’ characteristics and engagement are viewed as critical aspects of these interactions (see DiIorio, Pluhar, & Belcher, 2003; Flores & Barroso, 2017; Jaccard, Dodge, & Dittus, 2002), their responsiveness (i.e., their behavior or intentions) has received little attention. It appears, however, that adolescents’ lack of response or negative response (e.g., not listening, silence, dismissal, contempt) can deter parent-adolescent sexual communication (Elliott, 2010; Pluhar & Kuriloff, 2004; Rosenthal, Feldman, & Edwards, 1998). Nevertheless, some youths are positive about and responsive to these discussions (Grossman et al., 2018; Holman & Koenig Kellas, 2018; Yowell, 1997).

In this study, we assessed young adolescents’ responsiveness intentions – that is, their plan to be responsive to sexual commu- nication with their mother. Too few adolescents reported on their communication with their father to be considered. We focused on adolescents’ responsiveness intentions rather than their past responsiveness behavior for two reasons. First, assessing adolescents’ responsiveness intentions allowed us to include youths living in families where sexual communication was not occurring as well as youths who may be reluctant to disclose previous unresponsiveness to their parent’s sexual communication. Second, we found no previous research on youths’ responsiveness intentions in this context. Information about the responsiveness intentions of young adolescents provides important information for parents who are initiating sexual communication or planning to introduce new topics for discussion against a backdrop of the normative increase in parent-adolescent conflict and decline in parent-adolescent warmth experienced in many families during early adolescence (Askelson, Campo, & Smith, 2012; Shanahan, McHale, Osgood, & Crouter, 2007; Shearer, Crouter, & McHale, 2005).

1.1. Adolescents’ responsiveness to parent-adolescent sexual communication

Researchers have found considerable heterogeneity in adolescents’ responsiveness to sexual communication with their mother. For example, Romo et al. (2004) conducted an observational study of 11-to-16-year-old youths’ responsiveness to their mothers’ questions during sexuality discussions. They reported that, on average, youths responded with low to moderate levels of attentiveness and verbal engagement, although scores on these two indices indicated substantial variation across adolescents. Using interviews with adolescent girls (11–13 years) and their mother, Yowell (1997) identified three groups who reported different types of en- gagement: actively engaged girls who were willing to participate in sexual communication even when they had different perspectives from their mother; passively engaged girls who were willing to…

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